Filipino cuisine is distinguished by its bold combination of sweet (tamis), sour (asim), and salty (alat) flavors.
While other Asian cuisines may be known for a more subtle delivery and presentation, Filipino cuisine is often delivered all at once in a single presentation.
Counterpoint is a feature in Philippine cuisine which normally comes in a pairing of something sweet with something salty, and results in surprisingly pleasing combinations.
champorado (a sweet cocoa rice porridge), being paired with tuyo (salted, sun-dried fish);
dinuguan (a savory stew made of pig's blood and innards), paired with puto (sweet, steamed rice cakes);
unripe fruits such as mangoes (which are only slightly sweet but very sour), are eaten dipped in salt or bagoong;
the use of cheese (which is salty) in sweetcakes (such as bibingka and puto), as well as an ice cream flavoring.
page 2... Characteristics Philippines Cuisine
Northern Philippine Cuisine
For festive occasions, people band together and prepare more sophisticated dishes. Tables are often laden with expensive and labor-intensive treats requiring hours of preparation. In Filipino celebrations, lechón (also spelled litson) serves as the centerpiece of the dinner table. It is usually a whole roasted pig, but suckling pigs (lechonillo, or lechon de leche) or cattle calves (lechong baka) can also be prepared in place of the popular adult pig.
More details at Northern Philippine Cuisine